Tooth decay often destroys the structure of the tooth and it also affects both the enamel (the outer coating of the tooth) along with the dentin layer of the tooth.
Tooth decay generally occurs when foods which contain carbohydrates (sugars as well as starches), like bread, cereals, milk, soda, fruits, cakes, or candy are left sticking on the teeth. Bacteria that live in the mouth usually digest all such foods eventually turning them into acids. The bacteria, acid, food debris, and saliva combine and it forms plaque, which clings to the teeth. The acids in plaque then dissolve the enamel surface which creates holes within the teeth and these holes are known as cavities.
It is very essential to identify the type of injury that one is going through for the emergency dentist and also to avoid unnecessary trips to the emergency room. Accidents might occur at any point of the day or night. Some oral injuries often require immediate treatment and observation.
Some very common types of mouth injuries are cracked or broken or may be knocked out teeth, such happens due to biting on a piece of food which is extremely hard, there can also be sports-related injury, or may be due to a fall, or any sort of accident that might occur all of a sudden. Depending on how severe the injury might be or the place where the tooth is located, it is possible that a chipped tooth or minor fracture can wait to be cured it is not much severe and can wait for a call to the dentist in the normal business hours.
But, for instances, if the crack is very severe, or a large piece of the tooth is missing, or there is any sort of nerve damage or knock out instant and immediate medical attention is mandatory.
During the wait, if the tooth is knocked out, one must try to handle it as little as possible. One must try to put the tooth back in the socket, biting down on moistened gauze or a wet tea bag can help. One must make sure that the tooth is not swallowed. If the tooth does not stay in the socket while the journey to the dentist or emergency room then it is recommended to rinse it off in order to get rid of all sort visible dirt and keep it should be kept in a container of milk or inside a saliva until and unless a professional examines. It is recommended to apply a cold, wet compress to avoid any bleeding.
Sometimes the problem might not be easily identified as a knocked out or broken tooth there might severe tooth pain.
There are various resources who provide Free Dental Treatment for under 18 and dental care at low cost for all age group these dental services are generally provided by the local health departments, medical insurance programs, dental schools, clinical trials and state and local resources.